Solar (PV) Design Details
To properly size and design a photovoltaic (PV) system for a residential or commercial application, the following steps and considerations should be taken into account:
Site Assessment: This includes an evaluation of the available roof or ground area, shading, orientation, and tilt. This will help determine the size of the PV system that can be installed and its potential energy production.
Load Analysis: This involves determining the electrical load of the building, including the appliances, HVAC system, lighting, and other electrical loads. This helps to determine the size of the PV system needed to meet the energy demand of the building.
Energy Generation Estimation: Based on the site assessment and load analysis, the expected energy generation of the PV system can be estimated using simulation software. This helps to determine the number of PV panels, inverters, and other components needed for the system.
Component Selection: Based on the energy generation estimation, the appropriate PV panels, inverters, and other components can be selected for the system. This includes selecting the appropriate panels, inverters, and battery systems if needed.
Wiring and Equipment Selection: The electrical wiring, circuit breakers, disconnects, and other equipment required for the PV system should be selected and specified.
System Design and Layout: The final design and layout of the PV system should be developed, including the placement of the panels, the wiring, and the equipment.
Safety and Code Compliance: The design should comply with local building and electrical codes, as well as with industry safety standards.
Documentation: The final design should be documented in a permit plan set, including electrical schematics, single-line diagrams, panel schedules, and other necessary documentation.
Final Review: The permit plan set should be reviewed by a licensed electrical engineer and building inspector to ensure that it meets all required codes and regulations.
System Commissioning: The system should be commissioned to ensure that it is installed properly, functioning correctly, and providing the expected energy generation.